Wednesday, August 26, 2020
L-Shaped Array for Multi-recurrence Interferometry Telescope Theoretical A variety of eight recieving wires with various design, all the more correctly a L-formed exhibit has been worked for the Multi-recurrence Interferometry Telescope for Radio Astronomy (MITRA) venture. It comprises of recently planned Dual Polarized Log Periodic Dipole Antennas (DPLPDA). The main phase of the undertaking was to test the current exhibit of DPLPDA radio wires in a parallelconfiguration the North South way and to present various enhancements. Likewise, comparision of information was finished with the Durban University of Technology (DUT) at Durban RSA where a comparative exhibit was built. Next, UV inclusion of various clusters were mimicked. From that point forward, the DPLPDA were constructed.After setting up the exhibit, the radio wire reaction of every recieving wire was tried and the outcomes got was deciphered. The last test was to test the total cluster in the wake of joining all the recieving wires. Section 1 Presentation and Overview 1.1Introduction 1.1.1Radio Astronomy Radio space science is the investigation of divine items that transmit radio waves.In the 1930Ã¢â¬â¢s, Karl Jansky (1905-1950), working for the Bell Laboratories, was attempting to decide the inception of the wellspring of clamor meddling with radio voice transmissions. He assembled a steerable reception apparatus intended to get radio waves at a recurrence of 20.5 MHz. From the perceptions, he found that the time of the earthÃ¢â¬â¢s turn comparative with the radio source was 23 hours and 56 minutes rather than 24 hours. Subsequently, he presumed that the source was follwing sidereal time. He likewise saw that the most grounded radiation was originating from the focal point of our Milky Way galaxy.Inspired by JanskyÃ¢â¬â¢s work, Grote Reber (1911-2002) assembled an explanatory radio telescope of measurement 9m in his back yard, in 1937. After a few preliminaries, Reber effectively identified radio outflow from the Milky Way, in 1938, affirming Janskys revelation. This prompted the disclosure of a scope of divine articles, for example, radio cosmic systems, quasars, and pulsars with radio discharge with different sorts of recieving wires.  220.127.116.11 Radio Interferometry Radio interferometry are varieties of radio reception apparatuses that are utilized inastronomicalobservations all the while to reenact singletelescopesof very largeapertures and are utilized to make estimations of fine rakish detail in the radio outflow. Radio interferometry empower estimation of the situation of radio sources with exactness to permit recognizable proof of different items distinguished in the electromagnetic range. Michelson and Pease made the revelation of the interferometric strategies in 1921. They had the option to get adequately fine precise goals to quantify the distances across of a portion of the closer stars, for example, Arcturus and Betelgeuse.  18.104.22.168 Aperture Synthesis Opening Synthesis or Synthesis Imaging is a sort of interferometry that corresponds radio signs got from an assortment of telescopes or recieving wires to create pictures. These pictures have a similar rakish goals as that of the size of a solitary and an a lot bigger telescope or recieving wire. Opening union was first found by Sir Martin Ryle (27 September 1918 Ã¢â¬ 14 October 1984) and associates from the Radio Astronomy Group at Cambridge University at radio frequencies. In 1974, Martin Ryle was the principal space expert granted a Nobel Prize.  Exceptionally Long Baseline Interferometry(VLBI) additionally utilizes radio interferometric procedures. TypicallyVLBIrefers to tests that don't procedure their information progressively, however record it for latercorrelation to deliver the subsequent picture. It accomplishes ultra-high rakish goals and is a multi-disciplinary strategy. VLBIis utilized in estimating pulsar parallaxes andproper movement, settling the centers of radio worlds and fets from supermassive dark openings, among others.  A portion of the ordinarily utilized radio interferometers are: the Very Large Array (VLA) in Socorro, New Mexico,USA; It comprises of 27 radio recieving wires, every one of width 25 meters, along three arms of a Y-formed design spread more than three 21 kilometers tracks giving 351 baselines.  the Multi-Element Radio Linked Interferometer Network (MERLIN), worked by Jordrell Bank Observatory; It is a variety of 7 radio telescopes spread across Britain with partition as much as 217 kilometers working at frequencies between 151 MHz and 24 GHz.  the Australia Telescope Compact Array (ATCA) in Narrabri, NSW, Australia. The telescope is a variety of six indistinguishable 22 meters distance across dishes with five portable dishes along a 3 kilometers railroad track and the 6th one is 3 kilometers west toward the finish of the primary track. The most extreme benchmark length is 2.7 kilometers and the watching frequencies are from 300 MHz to 8 GHz. the Giant Metrewave Radio Telescope (GMRT) in Narayangaon,Pune, India. It comprises of 30 steerable explanatory dish every one of distance across 45 meters opertaing at six distinctive recurrence groups and where 14 dishes are orchestrated in a focal square and staying 6 out of a three arm Y-formed cluster giving a benchmark of around 25 Kilometers .  A portion of the new radio interferometers are: Low Frequency Array (LoFAR) in north of Exloo, the Netherlands (center) and neighboring nations It is a staged cluster of radio telescopes of around 25,000 little recieving wires in at 48 bigger stations where 40 of these stations are circulated over the north of Netherlands, five stations in Germany, and one each in Great Britain, France and Sweden and has a low requency run from 10-240 MHz.  Figure 1: The LoFAR Array Atacama Large Millimeter Array (ALMA) in llano de Chajnantar Observatory, Atacama Desert,Chile It comprises of sixty six 12 meters and 7 meters distance across radio telescopes seeing at frequencies of 0.3 to 9.6 millimeters .  Murchison Widefield Array (MWA) in Murchison Radio Astronomy Observatory, Western Australia It comprises of 2048 double polarization dipole recieving wires, each a 44 cluster of dipoles and works at low radio frequencies, 80-300 MHz, with a handled data transmission of 30.72 MHz for both straight polarisations, and comprises of 128 gap exhibits (known as tiles) conveyed over around 3-kilometers measurement territory.  Figure 2: MWA Antenna tiles KAT7 MeerKAT in Northern Cape, South Africa Figure 3: Aerial View of KAT7 KAT-7 comprise of 7 dishes of 12 meters in width each a Prime Focus Reflecting Telescopes having a base standard of 26 meters and most extreme pattern of 185 meters and have a recurrence scope of 1200 MHz Ã¢â¬ 1950 MHz. KAT-7 is a building model for the MeerKAT. KAT-7 is the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s first radio telescope exhibit with fiberglass dishes. . MeerKAT, which is still under development and is scheduled for fulfillment in 2016 , will comprise of 64 dishes of 13.5 meters in measurement having a base pattern of 29 meters and most extreme benchmark of 20 kilometers and it will work at recurrence running from 580MHz Ã¢â¬ 1.75 GHz and 8 Ã¢â¬ 15 Ghz.[11,12] e-MERLIN is an improved and overhauled exhibit of the old MERLIN array.The e-MERLIN instrument is a high goals radio interferometer associated by another optical fiber system to Jodrell Bank Observatory. This new framework offers ascend to a gigantic increment in affectability and observational capabilities. Figure 4: e-MERLIN exhibit European VLBI Netwok (EVN) is an interferometric exhibit of radio telescopes spread across Europe which additionally remembers stations for far-East Asia , South Africa and Puerto Rico that conducts high goals radio cosmic perceptions of radio sources. It is the most touchy VLBI exhibit on the planet. It was framed in 1980 and the managing body currently includes 14 institutes.TheEVNalso routinely joins different systems, for example, theVery Long Baseline Array (VLBA)and the Multi-Element Radio Linked Interferometer Network (MERLIN), to turn into a globalVLBIarray. The VLBA is spread all through Mauna Kea , Hawaii and St Croix. It commonly comprises of 10 VLA radio reception apparatuses and as result it has a greatest pattern surpassing 8000 Km. A portion of things to come African based new radio interferometers are: African VLBI Network (AVN) Multi-Frequency Interferometry Telescope for Radio Astronomy (MITRA) 1.1.3 MITRA (Multi-recurrence Interferometry Telescope for Radio Astronomy) 1.1 The MITRA is a global radio space science venture which intends to do extremly wide field of imaging with heterogenius non coplanar clusters. The abbreviation of MITRA implies Ã¢â¬Å"friendÃ¢â¬ in Sanskrit. It is a low recurrence exhibit telescope mutually began by Girish Kumar Beeharry from University of Mauritius (UOM) nd Stuart David Macpherson and Gary Peter Janse Van Vuuren from the Durban University of Technolagy (DUT) in South Africa. The venture is as a rule all the while executed at the Mauritius Radio Telescope (MRT), situated at Bras DÃ¢â¬â¢Eau Mauritius, site and at the DUT grounds site. The undertakings will at that point be extended to the distinctive SKA Africa accomplice nations and in the end to other African nations. Information from every nation will be joined to frame a global gap union telescope utilizing the strategies of Very Large Baseline Interferometry (VLBI). It is a touchy high goals multifrequency double extremity instrument in the scope of 200 to 800 MHz. The instrument picked for this reason for existing are Dual Polarized Log Periodic Dipole Antennas (DPLPDA). 1.1.4 African Long Baseline Interferometry Network (AVN) The African Very Long Baseline Interferometry Network (AVN) is a variety of radio telescopes all through Africa. It is wanted to frame some portion of the current worldwide VLBI systems . It will be related with the European VLBI Network (EVN ). The latteris a consortium of significant radio space science organizations in Europe and China (Schilizzi). It has part and related radio telescopes in Europe, China, South Africa (Hartebeesthoek0, Japan(Kashima) and Puerto Rico (Arecibo). The EVN is
Saturday, August 22, 2020
Retail Book Industry in Nz Essay The point of this report is to dissect and layout the business viewpoints for opening another free book shop in the Auckland locale. The report examinations the present book retail industry and explicitly talks about another book shopÃ¢â¬â¢s feasibility featuring the interior and outside dangers and open doors just as qualities and inadequacies. To survey the book retail serious condition components of SWOT and PortersÃ¢â¬â¢ Five Forces investigation apparatuses were used (Needle, 2000). The significant qualities of another book shop which could be transformed into an upper hand are the independency and neighborhood administration, relationship with distributers and closeness to clients. The significant dangers to and shortcomings of the new pursuit are owing to low haggling power with distributers (Needle, 2000), to absence of assets, and high market rivalry. The reportÃ¢â¬â¢s end is that anybody aiming to enter the book retail advertise by opening another store is instructed to be careful with respect to the industryÃ¢â¬â¢s dangers and difficulties so as to alleviate those from one perspective, and to completely profit by the open doors offered by the business by turning its qualities to an upper hand, then again. Chapter by chapter guide Executive Summary2 Table of Contents3 1. Introduction4 2. Discussion5 2. 1 Competitive Environment5 2. 1. 1 Whitcoulls Group5 2. 1. 2 Paper Plus6 2. 1. 3 Dymocks8 2. 1. 4 Independent Booksellers9 2. 2 Risk Assessment11 2. 2. 1 Low Bargaining Power with Publishers11 2. 2. 2 Lack of Resources12 2. 2. 3 Market Competition13 2. 3 Opportunities14 2. 3. 1 Independency and nearby governance14 2. 3. 2 Closeness to Publishers and Customers15 3. Conclusion17 References18 1. Presentation The given report is dispatched by Susan and Michael Clarke to be finished by 27 August 2009. The reportÃ¢â¬â¢s primary target is to give a free examination of the book retail industry including potential dangers and chances of opening another autonomous book shop in the Auckland zone. So as to evaluate the present business condition, the market intensity wherein another proposed book shop would be working is examined including such fundamental industry players as Whitcoulls, Dymocks and Paper Plus from one viewpoint, and various autonomous book shops then again. Components of the PorterÃ¢â¬â¢s Five ForcesÃ¢â¬â¢ (Needle, 2000) were consolidated to break down the serious condition of the book retail industry. The discoveries from the examination of the serious condition were then used to distinguish and break down qualities and shortcomings of just as openings and dangers for the proposed new free book shop (Samson Daft, 2005). 2. Conversation Bookselling is a major industry in New Zealand. As indicated by (Ã¢â¬Å"Booksellers readyÃ¢â¬ , 2008), beginning from 2007 the yearly books spending in New Zealand has not gone beneath $1 billion. Books have consistently been seen as a rewarding retail business because of high margins and book esteem that has not changed a lot after some time (Ã¢â¬Å"Big boysÃ¢â¬â¢ booksÃ¢â¬ , 2009). 2. 1 Competitive Environment There are two primary gatherings working in the New Zealand book retail advertise being chain retailers and autonomous stores. Verifiably, the book retail advertise has consistently been commanded by a couple of book retail chains involving practically 90% of the book retail showcase, leaving the nearby free book shops without any than 10% of piece of the pie (Ã¢â¬Å"Whitcoulls, Paper Plus proceedingÃ¢â¬ , 2007). The primary book retail chains working in New Zealand are Whitcoulls, Paper Plus and Dymocks. 2. 1. 1 Whitcoulls Group The AR Whitcoulls Group (Whitcoulls Group) is the biggest retail chain in New Zealand introduced by the Whitcoulls, Borders and Bennetts Tertiary stores (Ã¢â¬Å"Whitcoulls at last picksÃ¢â¬ , 2007). The gathering is additionally universally working in Australia and Singapore with in excess of 130 Angus Robertson and Borders stores (Ã¢â¬Å"Big boysÃ¢â¬â¢ booksÃ¢â¬ , 2009). Subsequent to securing the Australasian and New Zealand organizations of the second-biggest United States book shop chain Borders (Ã¢â¬Å"Whitcoulls Borders offer clearedÃ¢â¬ , 2009) in 2008 the Whitcoulls Group got access to a high segment genuine books advertise specialty (Ã¢â¬Å"Whitcoulls widensÃ¢â¬ , 2008). Subsequently, the Whitcoulls Group works 90 stores across New Zealand (Ã¢â¬Å"Whitcoulls at last picksÃ¢â¬ , 2007) representing up to 45% of the bookÃ¢ retail advertise (Ã¢â¬Å"Whitcoulls widensÃ¢â¬ , 2008). Further to the current strength in all the CBD territories, Whitcoulls is wanting to venture into unassuming community zones beginning from Te Awamutu, Richmond and Ashburton (Ã¢â¬Å"Booksellers readyÃ¢â¬ , 2008). The ongoing downturn provoked the gathering to look for cost cuts by combining its Australasian retail operationsÃ¢â¬â¢ bolster workplaces into one division situated in Australia (Ã¢â¬Å"How the book tradeÃ¢â¬ , 2009). The gathering is additionally investigating opening the web based selling tasks in August (Ã¢â¬Å"Booksellers readyÃ¢â¬ , 2008). 2. 1. 2 Paper Plus The Paper Plus chain being completely New Zealand-possessed is the second-biggest book retailer in New Zealand (Ã¢â¬Å"New lookÃ¢â¬ , 2008). The organization works as an establishment framework and has been around for over 25 years (Ã¢â¬Å"New lookÃ¢â¬ , 2008). Generally Paper Plus has been a solid player in a fixed business though its job in bookselling was not paid attention to by the industry. This is one reason why Paper Plus is as of now beat by Whitcoulls with regards to bookselling (Ã¢â¬Å"New lookÃ¢â¬ , 2008). Nonetheless, Paper Plus has as of late become a forceful player in the book retail advertise reporting an aspiring objective to become number one book retailer in New Zealand. Paper Plus has as of late refitted all their 105 stores as booklovers goals (Ã¢â¬Å"Big boysÃ¢â¬â¢ booksÃ¢â¬ , 2009) planned for improving store design and putting more accentuation on books (Ã¢â¬Å"New lookÃ¢â¬ , 2008). Meanwhile, the TV and radio superstar Kerre Woodham was joined as a frontwoman to do book audits by facilitating the Ã¢â¬Å"books and bubblesÃ¢â¬ occasions (Ã¢â¬Å"New lookÃ¢â¬ , 2008). The companyÃ¢â¬â¢s advertising position is additionally fortified by taking part in the Fly Buys program and the concurrence with New Zealand Post to have Post Shop and Kiwibank benefits in Paper Plus stores (Ã¢â¬Å"New lookÃ¢â¬ , 2008). Accordingly, the organization figures out how to increase a serious edge by focusing on the specialty of customary booklovers as well as those individuals who don't have an unmistakable expectation to purchase books yet visit the shops for Post Shop or Kiwibank administrations. On the administration side, Paper Plus has advanced a solid help approach to its establishment stores including powerful preparing by the neighborhood support office. Meanwhile, Paper Plus has been concentrating on the relationship with nearby distributers just as has significantly expanded spending on publicizing raising client mindfulness about its products. This all has empowered the organization to enter the downturn with a solid budgetary and showcasing position. 2. 1. 3 Dymocks is Australian-claimed and has been around for more than 130 years opening its first store in Auckland in 1994 (www. dymocks. co. nz). Dymocks works as an establishment framework running in excess of 80 stores in Oceania including six New Zealand stores situated in the North Island (www. dymocks. co. nz). Dymocks has been working with the Ã¢â¬Å"love of booksÃ¢â¬ idea having a notoriety for being a genuine book shop just without using their item range to fixed, music and motion pictures (Ã¢â¬Å"How the book tradeÃ¢â¬ , 2009). The organization offers their clients even more a contemporary bookbuying experience through the Ã¢â¬Å"BookloverÃ¢â¬ Rewards Program (Ã¢â¬Å"How the book tradeÃ¢â¬ , 2009). The organization centers around the New Zealand books being verifiably in the best 10 venders. Dymocks have been encountering a feasible development opening four new stores more than two a years ago with further designs to venture into the South Island (www. dymocks. co. nz). Notwithstanding, the downturn has nearly turned around this development as Dymocks needed to shut down three stores in two months: two in Auckland and one in Wellington. The primary driver for these terminations were extremely high leases, terrible areas, no road facing or through traffic and high rivalry from Borders (Ã¢â¬Å"How the book tradeÃ¢â¬ , 2009). Notwithstanding this Dymocks needed to depend on incorporate organization in Australia by shutting its New Zealand bolster office. In that capacity, out of the three primary book retail chains, Dymocks has been debilitated by the downturn the most and is progressively worried about a battle to hold its current six stores. 2. 1. 4 Independent Booksellers rather than the downturn connected issues looked by the book chains the free booksellers don't appear to endure any downturn whatsoever (Ã¢â¬Å"How the book tradeÃ¢â¬ , 2009). In spite of some loss of clients deciding to go to library as opposed to purchasing books, the ongoing downturn helped books items increase a force in the blessing market. The booksÃ¢â¬â¢ prevalence and reasonableness merits ascribe to the peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s inclination of a decent book or word reference blessing over a $300 jar or duvet cover (Ã¢â¬Å"Booksellers readyÃ¢â¬ , 2008). As per an industry expert it is on the grounds that the book chains have not been investing adequate energy and assets into the client relationship side, while free stores have figured out how to build up an extremely steadfast client base by their phenomenal client care, polished skill and individual methodology (Ã¢â¬Å"How the book tradeÃ¢â¬ , 2009). All things considered, the autonomous book shops see the downturn times as a decent chance to pull new clients from the book ties which because of their huge size and absence of proficient sta
Wednesday, August 19, 2020
Tattooing and Piercing essay Tattooing and Piercing HomeâºConsideration PostsâºTattooing and Piercing Consideration PostsThesis Statement; Since the world so far has experienced so much of the practices and it everywhere practiced,communities,doctors, literate members of the societies should join hands to teach and advice the young the generations on the effective and less dangerous body decoration methods.I. The discusion on tattoing, distinction between people who have tattoos and tattooed people, impacts of tattoos on gender and women interpretation on pain tattooing as per Bell.II. The difinition and discusion of paganism, breast implatation and the classification of authorities as discussed by Woodard.âTattoo and Piercing IntroductionâGeneral Statement;There is an increased cases of body tattooing and pierching in the world today which is raising an alarm on the future of the next generation.More specific context;Its of great concern simply because our young people especially women are losing their motherhood in the name of modern body decorations.Thesis statement;Since the world so far has experienced so much of the practices and it everywhere practiced,communities,doctors, literate members of the societies should join hands to teach and advice the young the generations on the effective and less dangerous body decoration methods.Supporting ideas;Ensure that dangerous types of tattooes and piercing styles are identified for the people to avoid and also there should be alternative types which are safe for them to practice.I.People who have tattoes often have one or more tattoes. They usually have personal images in places which are easily hidden from view. Thus they usually avoid the label of âtattoed personâ due to peer or family presure and the negative societal assumptions about tattoes. Tattoed people on the other hand are those individuals who have very bright or bold tattooes in obvious places which can be seen easily by people. They socialise with ta ttooist and other tattoooed people within their subculture avoiding the stares and other numerous looks from the outsiders. Tattoes makes an individual to be unique and to look totally different from the rest of the people in the society. Those individuals who tattooe themselves do it to honour their family members and lovers by name or to display their religious beliefs.The difference between the two groups of people is that it shows how individuals regard tattooes in the community i.e there are those who adore it by walking comfortably before people and with people who are tattooed.Others also feel that being tattooed is a taboo and therefore hide from people.Tattooing has an impact on gender in that for a long period it has been associated with men because of the pain that one undergoes which is said to be sustained by men only.It therefore has an impact on gender in that for those men who tattooe their bodies acts as resistance to the common ideals of women beauty. When it come to women tattoo, their bodies tend be tattoed towards flowers and softer images whereby they normally place them in places such as on the lower back ankle or on their shoulders. But men tattoo themselves in places such as the upper arm. They also choose decorative but strong imagery such as the dragons.These two statements are incompatible in that women tattooes show a act tolerance of pain because of the kind of pain an individual usually undergoes but for men its an act courage and strenght. Originally tattoing was meant for men and that is why women chooses softer images such as flowers.Women also tattoo themselves so as to fit in aparticular religion.II.Paganism is difined as the act of doing things contrary to the normal ways of life. Itâs the abnormal part of lifestyle of a person. For instance he describes the act in which the body of a human being is separated from the entire human godliness as the culture of pagans. And as aresult this esep arate body is most likely going to take far extreme and violent attitudes towards the denomination of the body as something that needs artistic modification. Thi is what he termed as paganism. There are several extends in which the contemporally society has towards paganism and this includes the acts of artistic modification of the body. These modifications are for example the enhancement of the breasts in women which makes them less mothernal and less objects of seual touch; the piercing of the ears; collagen-enhanced the lips are some of te examples of cosmwtic mutilations. Branding some marks or features in the body which they say are marks of strenght and are sorts of tattoos are also the aspects which the writer depicts as of pagans in the modern world.Woodhard relates the implantation of the breasts negatively with other body fashions. He thus gives disadvantages of this pagan act as being the fact the implanted breasts ceases to be the maternal objects, they become less a nd less objects of sexual touch. This disadvantages taints those women who practices this act and men can view the as being no mothers or wives any more. Thus breast implantation unlike other forms of body fashions such as ear-piecing and collagen-enhanced lips is more healthwise dangerous the women body which otherwise he then describes as paganised when its artistically modified.Woodhard cited other authorities that provided other examples of social phenomenon as comestics mutilation. Here he differentiated between the types of cosmetic mutillation as traditional and modern mutiolation of the body parts. He further said that the traditional mutilation is all the world over as it was and is still practiced by the varoius world tribes.and itâs the community which confers an individual the status of a particular of mutilation but not an individual like the case of the modern mutillation. He arguered that like tattoo and piercing, mutilation can also indicate a group member or allia nce.The other type of body modification the writer talks about are the body artist who practices skin braiding in Los Angels and New York. They cut three long strips from the fresh leaving it attached to the body only at the top which are later braided and reattached at the bottom. They remain as permanent skin braid.But of all the above types, cosmetic mutilation especially the traditional one offers the greatest insight about the behaviour of human beings. This is simply because it exposes almost all tribesâ practices which its people practices to testify certain status. Thus it has a purpose on the human body which is most likely able to descibe the behavior of the person with it.
Sunday, May 24, 2020
How can we explain the sudden collapse of Communism in Europe? Communism was a very popular ideology which was in great favor during the inter-war period but in the 1980s, there was an unanticipated demise of Communism. So how can we explain the sudden collapse of communism in Europe? I would argue that there were several forces converging to the breakdown of communism in Eastern Europe. Factors such as the high expenses of engaging in nuclear arms, the lost of their satellite states, the growing economic disparity in Europe and the changing attitudes and values of the younger people converged together that brought communism to the brink of collapse in Europe. The most important factor, however, was the role of Gorbachev and hisÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The disparity between the Soviet Union economy and that of the United States was what alerted Gorbachev that the Communist economy was not doing well. SovietÃ¢â¬â¢s command economy was not concerned with matching supply and demand but with administering inputs and outputs. In other words, the economy was detached from the consumer and producers. The Communist countries were unable to catch up with globalization because of the inadequate resources. USSR did not have the capital to modernize their industries. On top of that, there was a big gap in the quantity production and the quality was evidently poor as well. Much of the money that was needed for its economy went to nuclear arms, space technology and to support its eastern bloc countries. Ã¢â¬ËEconomic problems, however, were not isolated to Russia alone, by 1989 the satellite states had accumulated a foreign debt of 49 billion,Ã¢â¬â¢ (Maier, 1997: 59). Economic and industrial progress degenerated further when the USSR withdrew its support from the satellite states that were heavily dependent on Russia. The Communist ideology began to decline so quickly that the socialist economic system no longer worked as the best system. Against the backdrop of such austere economic prospects, GorbachevÃ¢â¬â¢s policies o f glasnost and perestroika indirectly implied that the soviet styled economy was obsolete and clearly failing. This brought aboutShow MoreRelatedEssay on The Fall of Communism1064 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesYugoslavia, Romania, Albania and Eastern Germany formed the Eastern Bloc that was controlled by the Soviet Union. As Stalin began to force his hand in all elements of government, economics and social life, Germans and others became disillusioned with Communism and began to flee westward to escape the oppression. Under communist rule, the necessities of daily living were scarce. Those that had jobs spent the little remaining hours of their day scouring and waiting in lines for rationed bread and toiletriesRead MoreThe Rise And Fall Of Communism1843 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesThe Rise and Fall of Communism Ã¢â¬Å"Let the ruling classes tremble at a communist revolution. The proletarians have nothing to lose but their chains. They have a world to win, workingmen of all countries, unite!Ã¢â¬ (Karl Marx). This quote is one of the most famous political slogans excerpted from the book Communist Manifesto, which was written by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. It demonstrates MarxÃ¢â¬â¢s opinion on social classism and how he is against it by stating the imbalance between the working classRead MoreThe Rise and Fall of Communism1465 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesEveryone would like to live in a perfect society, and in Germany, Karl Marx set out to do just that by creating the government system known as Communism. 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Marx) What Karl Marx had set out in his Communist Manifesto as guide lines for the governing of a state was proved to work to the contrary of its good intentions when appliedRead MoreThe Fall Of Communism And The Soviet Union Essay2058 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesPrior to PutinÃ¢â¬â¢s 2001 State of the Nation address, Russia was dealing with the overwhelming effects of economic and political reform. The fall of Communism and the Soviet Union left Russia in a fragile state. When Putin references Ã¢â¬Å"the period of disintegration of the StatehoodÃ¢â¬ he is referring to the lack of stability and legitimacy in RussiaÃ¢â¬â¢s era of reformation in the 1990s that threatened the very existence of the nation. The sources and indicators of this disintegration can be found through anRead More The Fall of Communism in Eastern Europe Essay2009 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesThe Fall of Communism in Eastern Europe Many political beliefs exist. Everyone has the right to chose what to believe in, what ideas to have, what to seek and how to achieve his goals. Political science is not very defined and strict. Specific rules saying that if one believes in a certain idea he should join a certain party do not exist. Certain things match certain group of people and other things this group of people would not accept. The same principle can be applied for countries. CommunismRead MoreThe Fall of Communism in Russia/Soviet Union Essay1460 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesCommunism in the USSR was doomed from the onset. Communism was condemned due to lack of support from other nations, condemned due to corruption within its leadership, condemned due to the moral weakness of humanity, making what is perfect on paper, ineffective in the real world. The end of this system was very violent. It left one of the two most powerful nations in the world fearful of what was to come. brbrCommunism can either be called a concept or system of society. In a society that followsRead MoreThe Fall of the Berlin Wall and Communism in Europe Essay1804 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagescame. They simply picked up and left. FÃ ¼hrer said, Ã¢â¬Å"They were ready for everything except candles and prayers. That night, the GDR was a different place than it had been that morning.Ã¢â¬ (Curry) After the drama of the Monday Demonstrations, the fall of the wall was actually considered anticlimactic. On November 9, 1989, a routine press conference was gathered to announce the partyÃ¢â¬â¢s decisions. An Italian journalist asked GÃ ¼nter Schabowski if there would be any changes to the strict East GermanRead MoreLife Before and After the Fall of Communism in the Czech Republic1042 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesDo 1 Life Before and After the Fall of Communism in the Czech Republic Recently the senate and county elections in the Czech Republic confirmed that the preference of Czech voters is shifting to the left, whats more the Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia got the second highest number of votes. The results are disturbing, because the last time Communists won the polls, the Czechs ended up being oppressed for over 40 years until they managed to overthrow the government. Now it seems thatRead MoreThe Rise and Fall of Communism in the Soviet Union Essay1523 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagescommand system, which is also described as Marxism, socialism, or communism, is both a political and economic philosophy. In a communist economy, the government owns most of the firms, subsequently controlling production and allocation of resources. One of the most well-known and well-documented cases of a communist government took place in the Soviet Union, beginning in 1917 and eventually falling in 1992. Idealistically, communism eliminates social classism and provides e qual work for all in a
Wednesday, May 13, 2020
Some would say that Steve Jobs, co-founder of Apple Computers Inc., was an exceptional leader. However, there are many who would disagree with that statement. Jobs could define leadership in some aspects, yet he fell short in others. JobsÃ¢â¬â¢ leadership style is difficult to pin down because his position fit very many styles. Steve Jobs co-founded Apple in 1976 and in 1984 he created the Macintosh, the first small computer with a graphic interface. Unfortunately in 1985 Jobs was forced to leave after an internal power struggle with the companies CEO. Jobs later returned to a struggling Apple after 12 years and turned the company around. During the 12 years he was away, Steve Jobs created successful companies such as Pixar and NeXT. PixarÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦One of JobsÃ¢â¬â¢ greatest quotes on leadership is Ã¢â¬Å"Innovation distinguishes between a leader and a followerÃ¢â¬ (Jobs, 2006). Steve JobsÃ¢â¬â¢ leadership style is very difficult to clearly identify. JobsÃ¢â¬â¢ characteristics and traits sporadically fit into different leadership styles. Jobs would be classified as an autocratic leader, he tells people what to do, asserting themselves, and serving as a model team member. Jobs was definitely not a democratic leader, it has been said that Jobs hated team meetings and was rather rude when employees spoke their mind. Steve Jobs could also be classified as entrepreneurial, despite the fact that he is a multibillionaire, his work ethic never changed. Andrew Dubrin defines an entrepreneur as Ã¢â¬Å"someone with a strong will for achievement and a sensible risk taking, high degree of enthusiasm, tendency to act quickly on opportunity, being impatient, visionary, amongst othersÃ¢â¬ (Dubrin, 2010). DubrinÃ¢â¬â¢s definition describes Steve Jobs to a tee. A transformational leader is one who Ã¢â¬Å"brings about major, positive change for the group, organization or societyÃ¢â¬ (Dubrin, 2010). JobsÃ¢â¬â¢ leadership showed many similarities to a transformational leader except one, Jobs lacked the humane qualities necessary. JobsÃ¢â¬â¢ could also be considered a charismatic leader. SteveÃ¢â¬â¢s exceptional ability to captivate his audience during a speech is the time his charisma can be clearly seen. Jobs could fit himself intoShow MoreRelatedSteve Jobs Leadership3274 Words Ã |Ã 14 PagesMG203 LEADING IN A COMPLEX WORLD LEADERSHIP ESSAY ASSIGNMENT 2010-2011 Student details Family name: Aitken First Name: DavidRegistration number: 200915741 Word count (excluding cover page, instructions and references): 2748 Steve Jobs is the CEO at Apple. Jobs founded Apple in 1976, and the company has developed into a major force within the electronics industry. Much of the success of the company has been due to the leadership of Steve Jobs. He has the personal attributes which are neededRead MoreLeadership : Steve Jobs1426 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesLeadership Ã¢â¬â Steve Jobs Robbins, DeCenzo and Coulter state that the behavioral theories of leadership approach would provide more definitive answers about the nature of leadership (301). In this paper, we will use behavioral theories from different authors to analyze a few events in the life of AppleÃ¢â¬â¢s former CEO, Steve Jobs. Steve Jobs was the mastermind who created Apple and helped shape half a dozen industries Ã¢â¬â personal computers (the Macintosh and iMac), music sales (iPod and iTunes), computerRead MoreLeadership Style Of Steve Jobs2042 Words Ã |Ã 9 Pages 21st Century Leadership Name: Institutional Affiliation: 21st Century Leadership Overall leadership style(s) of Steve Jobs According to Williams (2014) Achievement-oriented leadership refers to a leadership style through which the leader often sets goals that are challenging and sets high expectations for the staff. Moreover, the leaders exhibit confidence that the workforce shall assume total responsibility and as a result put forward extraordinary effort while performing aRead MoreThe Leadership Style Of Steve Jobs Essay1721 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages Steve Jobs was a computer designer, executive and innovator, as well as an all-around role model for many people in both their businesses and their personal lives. As the cofounder of Apple Computers and former CEO of Pixar Animation Studios, he revolutionized the computer and animation industries, amassing a fortune worth $10.2 billion at the time of his death. Jobs intuitively understood the power of cultural influence in sustaining the strategic capabilities implicit in his perpetual vision ofRead MoreLeadership Steve Jobs Essay1004 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Steve Jobs Outline Michael Spellberg Critical Thinking amp; Problem-Solving August 10, 2014 Professor Ketsia Mcclease DeVry University Steve Jobs Outline I.Introduction Ã The greatest visionary and leader the late Steve Jobs, he revolutionized the world with his innovations and leadership, he was the leader who brought PC to the mass business sector, then happened to make music players and cell telephones that consumer cherished. His small telephones were packed with so much processingRead MoreLeadership Analysis : Steve Jobs923 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesLeadership Ã¢â¬Å"the ability to make sound decisions and inspire others to perform well. Effective leaders are able to set and achieve challenging goals, to take swift and decisive action, even in difficult situations, to outperform their competition, to take calculated risks and to persevere in the face of failureÃ¢â¬ (investopedia).Throughout history there has been many leaders from Martin Luther King, Napoleon Bonaparte, Bill Gates, and Steve jobs that has shown good communication skills, confidence inRead MoreThe Leadership Style Of Steve Jobs Essay1717 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages Ã¢â¬Å"Steve Jobs was a computer designer, executive and innovator, as well as an all-around role model for many people in both their businesses and their personal lives. As the cofounder of Apple Computers and former CEO of Pixar Animation Studios, he revolutionized the computer and animation industries, amassing a fortune worth $10.2 billion at the time of his death.Ã¢â¬ (Hom , 2013) Jobs intuitively understood the power of cultural influence in sustaining the strategic capabilities implicit in his perpetualRead MoreSteve Jobs : Leadership Qualities1703 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesleaders, it would be difficult to overlook Steve Jobs, former CEO of Apple, Inc. There is argument regarding whether individuals are born with leadership qualities or if they are learned over time. Whether innate or learned, Steve Jobs was exhibiting leadership qualities at a young age. Steven Paul Jobs was born in San Francisco in 1955. Given up for adoption by his biological parents, he was adopted by Paul and Clara Ja cobs of San Francisco. Steve and his adoptive parents moved to a suburbanRead MoreLeadership Style Of Steve Jobs1149 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesSTEVE JOBS The aim of this essay is to basically dissect the leadership style of Steve Jobs in accomplishing results. Steve Jobs was an American businessman, an early proponent of (PCs) and a social symbol. HeÃ¢â¬â¢s best known for his two wildly successful tenures as co-founder and CEO of Apple. In 2011,Ã he had a net worth of $10.2 billion.Ã Throughout the years, his visionary ideas and close attention to detail were instrumental to the products that Apple would go on to create during his tenure, includingRead MoreThe Leadership Style Of Steve Jobs1426 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Steve Jobs was a computer designer, executive and innovator, as well as an all-around role model for many people in both their businesses and their personal lives. As the cofounder of Apple Computers and former CEO of Pixar Animation Studios, he revolutionized the computer and animation industries, amassing a fortune worth $10.2 billion at the time of his death. Jobs intuitively understood the power of cultural infl uence in sustaining the strategic capabilities implicit in his perpetual vision of
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
string(81) " that Caitlin has been married to my brother for years, yet I had never met her\." The Asian Invasion After a relatively short workout and an even shorter Ã¢â¬â and silent Ã¢â¬â run with Tiffany, I hop a train to Philadelphia. Following JakeÃ¢â¬â¢s directions, I walk down Market Street toward the river, turn right on Second Street, and follow the road to his building. When I reach the address, I am surprised to find that Jake lives in a high-rise that overlooks the Delaware River. We will write a custom essay sample on The Silver Linings Playbook Chapter 25 or any similar topic only for you Order Now I have to give my name to the doorman and tell him who I am visiting before he will let me in the building. HeÃ¢â¬â¢s just an old man in a funny costume, who says Ã¢â¬Å"Go EaglesÃ¢â¬ when he sees my Baskett jersey, but my brother having a doorman is sort of impressive, regardless of the manÃ¢â¬â¢s uniform. Another old man wears a different sort of funny costume in the elevator Ã¢â¬â he even has on one of those brimless monkey hats Ã¢â¬â and this man takes me to the tenth floor after I tell him my brotherÃ¢â¬â¢s name. The elevator doors open, and I walk down a blue hallway on a thick red carpet. When I find number 1021, I knock three times. Ã¢â¬Å"WhatÃ¢â¬â¢s up, Baskett?Ã¢â¬ my brother says after he opens the door. HeÃ¢â¬â¢s in his Jerome Brown memorial jersey because itÃ¢â¬â¢s game day again. Ã¢â¬Å"Come on in.Ã¢â¬ There is a huge bay window in the living room, and I can see the Ben Franklin Bridge, the Camden Aquarium, and tiny boats floating on the Delaware. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s a beautiful view. I immediately notice that my brother has a flat-screen television thin enough to hang on the wall like a picture Ã¢â¬â and it is even bigger than DadÃ¢â¬â¢s television. But strangest of all, my brother has a baby grand piano in his living room. Ã¢â¬Å"WhatÃ¢â¬â¢s this?Ã¢â¬ I ask. Ã¢â¬Å"Check it out,Ã¢â¬ Jake says. He sits down on the piano bench, lifts the cover off the keys, and then actually starts playing. I am amazed that he can play Ã¢â¬Å"Fly, Eagles, Fly.Ã¢â¬ His version isnÃ¢â¬â¢t very fancy, just a simple chord progression, but itÃ¢â¬â¢s definitely the EaglesÃ¢â¬â¢ fight song. When he begins to sing, I sing along with him. When he finishes, we do the chant and then Jake tells me he has been taking lessons for the past three years. He even plays me another song, which is very unlike Ã¢â¬Å"Fly, Eagles, Fly.Ã¢â¬ This next song is familiar Ã¢â¬â surprisingly gentle, like a kitten walking through high grass Ã¢â¬â and it seems so unlike Jake to create something this beautiful. I actually feel my eyes moistening as my brother plays with his eyes shut, moving his torso back and forth with the sway of the piece, which also looks funny because he is wearing an Eagles jersey. He makes a couple of mistakes, but I donÃ¢â¬â¢t even care, be cause he is trying very hard to play the piece correctly for me and thatÃ¢â¬â¢s what counts, right? When he finishes, I clap loudly and then ask him what he was playing. Ã¢â¬Å"Pathetique. Piano Sonata number 8. Beethoven. That was part of the second movement. Adagio cantabile,Ã¢â¬ Jake says. Ã¢â¬Å"Did you like it?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Very much.Ã¢â¬ Truthfully, I am amazed. Ã¢â¬Å"When did you learn to play?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"When Caitlin moved in with me, she brought her piano, and sheÃ¢â¬â¢s sort of been teaching me all about music ever since.Ã¢â¬ I start to feel dizzy because I have never heard mention of this Caitlin, and I think my brother just told me she lives here with him, which would mean my brother is in a serious relationship I know nothing about. This does not seem right. Brothers should know about each otherÃ¢â¬â¢s lovers. Finally I manage to say, Ã¢â¬Å"Caitlin?Ã¢â¬ My brother takes me into his bedroom, and thereÃ¢â¬â¢s a big wooden poster bed with two matching armoires that look like guards facing each other. He picks up a framed black-and-white photo from the bed stand and hands it to me. In the photo, JakeÃ¢â¬â¢s cheek is smashed against a beautiful womanÃ¢â¬â¢s. She has short blond hair, cut almost like a manÃ¢â¬â¢s, and she is very delicate-looking, but pretty. She is in a white dress; Jake is in a tuxedo. Ã¢â¬Å"ThatÃ¢â¬â¢s Caitlin,Ã¢â¬ Jake says. Ã¢â¬Å"She plays with the Philadelphia Orchestra sometimes and does a lot of recording in New York City too. SheÃ¢â¬â¢s a classical pianist.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Why have I not heard about Caitlin before?Ã¢â¬ Jake takes the portrait from my hands and stands it up on the dresser. We walk back into the living room and sit down on his leather couch. Ã¢â¬Å"I knew you were upset about Nikki, so I didnÃ¢â¬â¢t want to tell you that I was Ã¢â¬ ¦ well Ã¢â¬ ¦ happily married.Ã¢â¬ Married? The word hits me like a giant wave, and suddenly I am slick with sweat. Ã¢â¬Å"Mom actually tried to get you out of that place in Baltimore for the Mass, but it was when you were first admitted and they wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t let you out. Mom didnÃ¢â¬â¢t want me to tell you about Caitlin yet, so I didnÃ¢â¬â¢t at first, but youÃ¢â¬â¢re my brother, and now that youÃ¢â¬â¢re home, I wanted you to know about my life, and CaitlinÃ¢â¬â¢s the best part. IÃ¢â¬â¢ve told her all about you and Ã¢â¬â if you want Ã¢â¬â you can meet her today. I had her go out this morning while I broke the news to you. I can call her now, and we can have lunch before we go down to the Linc. So, do you want to meet my wife?Ã¢â¬ The next thing I know, IÃ¢â¬â¢m at a little swanky cafe off South Street, sitting across from a beautiful woman who holds my brotherÃ¢â¬â¢s hand under the table and smiles at me unceasingly. Jake and Caitlin carry the conversation, and it feels a lot like when I am with Veronica and Ronnie. Jake answers most of the questions Caitlin asks me, because I do not say much at all. No mention is made of Nikki or my time at the bad place or just how bizarre it is that Caitlin has been married to my brother for years, yet I had never met her. You read "The Silver Linings Playbook Chapter 25" in category "Essay examples" When the waiter comes, I say IÃ¢â¬â¢m not hungry, because I donÃ¢â¬â¢t have very much money on me Ã¢â¬â only the ten bucks my mother gave me for the subway, since I already spent five bucks on the PATCO ticket. But my brother orders for all of us and says he is treating, which is nice of him. We eat fancy ham sandwiches with some sort of sun-dried tomato paste, and when I finish, I ask Caitlin if the ceremony was a nice one. Ã¢â¬Å"What ceremony?Ã¢â¬ she says, and I catch her looking at the little white scar above my right eyebrow. Ã¢â¬Å"Your wedding ceremony.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Oh,Ã¢â¬ she says, and then looks lovingly at my brother. Ã¢â¬Å"Yes. It was really nice. We had the Mass at St. PatrickÃ¢â¬â¢s Cathedral in New York City and then a small reception at the New York Palace.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"How long have you been married?Ã¢â¬ My brother shoots his wife a look that I do not miss. Ã¢â¬Å"A while now,Ã¢â¬ she says, which makes me feel crazy because everyone present knows that I do not remember the last couple of years Ã¢â¬â and because she is a woman, Caitlin knows exactly how long she has been married to Jake. It is obvious she is trying to protect me by being vague. This makes me feel awful, even though I realize Caitlin is trying to be kind. My brother pays the bill, and we walk Caitlin back to their apartment building. Jake kisses his wife by the entrance door, and his love for her is so obvious. But then Caitlin kisses me right on the cheek, and with her face only a few inches from mine, she says, Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬â¢m glad I finally got to meet you, Pat. I hope weÃ¢â¬â¢ll become good friends.Ã¢â¬ I nod because I donÃ¢â¬â¢t know what else to say, and then Caitlin says, Ã¢â¬Å"Go Baker!Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"ItÃ¢â¬â¢s Baskett, dummy,Ã¢â¬ Jake says, and Caitlin blushes before they kiss again. Jake hails a taxi and tells the driver, Ã¢â¬Å"City Hall.Ã¢â¬ In the taxi I tell my brother I donÃ¢â¬â¢t have any money to pay for the taxi ride, but he says I never have to pay for anything when I am with him, which is a nice thing to say, but his saying it makes me feel sort of strange. Underneath City Hall, we buy subway tokens, spin a turnstile, and then wait for the southbound Orange Line. Even though it is only 1:30 p.m. and kickoff is not for seven hours yet, even though it is a Monday, a day when most people have to work, many men in Eagles jerseys are already waiting on the platform. This makes me realize that Jake is not working today Ã¢â¬â it makes me realize I do not even know what Jake does for a living, which really starts to freak me out. I think hard and remember that my brother was a business major in college, but I cannot remember where he works, so I ask him. Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬â¢m an options trader,Ã¢â¬ he says. Ã¢â¬Å"WhatÃ¢â¬â¢s that?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"I play the stock market.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Oh,Ã¢â¬ I say. Ã¢â¬Å"So who do you work for?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Myself.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"What do you mean?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"I work for myself and do all my business online. IÃ¢â¬â¢m self-employed.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Which is why you could take off early to hang out with me.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"ThatÃ¢â¬â¢s the best part about being self-employed.Ã¢â¬ I am very impressed with JakeÃ¢â¬â¢s ability to support himself and his wife by playing the stock market, but he doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t want to talk about his work. He thinks IÃ¢â¬â¢m not smart enough to understand what he does; Jake doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t even try to explain his work to me. Ã¢â¬Å"So what did you think of Caitlin?Ã¢â¬ he asks me. But the train comes, and we join the herd of boarding Eagles fans before I can answer. Ã¢â¬Å"What did you think of Caitlin?Ã¢â¬ he asks again after we find seats and the train starts moving. Ã¢â¬Å"SheÃ¢â¬â¢s great,Ã¢â¬ I say, avoiding eye contact with my brother. Ã¢â¬Å"YouÃ¢â¬â¢re mad at me for not telling you about Caitlin right away.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"No, IÃ¢â¬â¢m not.Ã¢â¬ I want to tell him all about Tiffany following me when I run; finding the Ã¢â¬Å"PatÃ¢â¬ box; how Mom is still on strike and dirty dishes are in the sink and Dad turned his white shirts pink when he did the wash; how my therapist Cliff says I need to stay neutral and not get involved in my parentsÃ¢â¬â¢ marital problems but only focus on improving my own mental health Ã¢â¬â but how can I do that when Dad and Mom are sleeping in separate rooms and Dad is always telling me to clean the house and Mom is telling me to leave it filthy Ã¢â¬â and I was having a hard time keeping it together before I found out my brother plays the piano and trades stocks and is living with a beautiful musician and I have missed his gala wedding and therefore will never see my brother marry, which is something I very much wanted to see, because I love my brother. But instead of saying any of this, I say, Ã¢â¬Å"Jake, IÃ¢â¬â¢m sort of worried about seeing that Gia nts fan again.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Is that why youÃ¢â¬â¢ve been so quiet today?Ã¢â¬ my brother asks, as if he has forgotten all about what happened before the last home game. Ã¢â¬Å"I doubt a Giants fan will show up at the Green Bay game, but weÃ¢â¬â¢re going to set up in a different parking lot anyway, just in case any of the assholeÃ¢â¬â¢s friends are looking for us. I got your back. DonÃ¢â¬â¢t worry. The fat guys are setting up the tent in the lot behind the Wachovia Center. No worries at all.Ã¢â¬ When we arrive at Broad and Pattison, we exit the subway car and climb back up into the afternoon. I follow my brother through the thin crowds of diehards who Ã¢â¬â like us Ã¢â¬â have begun tailgating seven hours before kickoff, on a Monday no less. We walk past the Wachovia Center, and when the fat menÃ¢â¬â¢s green tent comes into view, I canÃ¢â¬â¢t believe what I see. The fat men are outside of the tent with Scott, and they are yelling at someone hidden by their collective girth. A huge school bus painted green Ã¢â¬â itÃ¢â¬â¢s running, and the driver is inching toward our tent. On the hood of the bus is a portrait of Brian DawkinsÃ¢â¬â¢s bust, and the likeness is incredible. (Dawkins is a regular Pro Bowler who plays free safety for the Birds.) As we get closer, I make out the words the asian invasion along the side of the bus, which is full of brown-faced men. This early in the afternoon, parking spaces are plentiful, so I wonder what the argument is about. Soon I recognize the voice, which argues, Ã¢â¬Å"The Asian Invasion has been parked in this very spot for every home game since the Linc was opened. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s good luck for the Eagles. We are Eagles fans, just like you. Superstition or not, our parking the Asian Invasion bus in this very spot is crucial if you want the Birds to win tonight.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"WeÃ¢â¬â¢re not moving our tent,Ã¢â¬ Scott says. Ã¢â¬Å"No fucking way. You should have gotten here earlier.Ã¢â¬ The fat men reiterate ScottÃ¢â¬â¢s sentiment, and things are getting heated. I see Cliff before he sees me. Ã¢â¬Å"Move the tent,Ã¢â¬ I say to our friends. Scott and the fat men turn to face me; they look surprised by my command, almost bewildered, as if I have betrayed them. My brother and Scott exchange a glance, and then Scott asks, Ã¢â¬Å"Hank Baskett Ã¢â¬â destroyer of Giants fans Ã¢â¬â says, Ã¢â¬ËMove the tentÃ¢â¬â¢?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Hank Baskett says, Ã¢â¬ËMove the tent,'Ã¢â¬ I say. Scott turns and faces Cliff, who is shocked to see me. Scott says, Ã¢â¬Å"Hank Baskett says, Ã¢â¬ËMove the tent.Ã¢â¬â¢ So we move the tent.Ã¢â¬ The fat guys groan, but they begin to break down our tailgate party, and soon it is moved three parking spaces over, along with ScottÃ¢â¬â¢s van, at which time the Asian Invasion bus pulls forward and parks. Fifty or so Indian men exit Ã¢â¬â each one of them wearing a green number 20 Dawkins jersey. They are like a small army, and soon, several barbecues are going and the smell of curry is all around us. Cliff played it cool and did not say hello to me, which I realize was his way of saying, Ã¢â¬Å"ItÃ¢â¬â¢s your call, Pat.Ã¢â¬ He simply faded away into the other Dawkins jerseys, so I would not have to explain our relationship, which was kind of him. When we have our tent resituated, when the fat men are inside watching television, Scott says, Ã¢â¬Å"Hey, Baskett. Why did you let the dot heads have our parking spot?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"None of them have a dot on their head,Ã¢â¬ I say. Ã¢â¬Å"Did you know that little guy?Ã¢â¬ Jake asks me. Ã¢â¬Å"Which little guy, me?Ã¢â¬ We turn around, and Cliff is standing there with a sizzling platter of vegetables and meat cubes skewered on sticks of wood. Ã¢â¬Å"Indian kabobs. Quite delicious. For allowing us to park the Asian Invasion bus in its usual spot.Ã¢â¬ When Cliff lifts the platter up, we each grab an Indian kabob, and the meat is spicy, but delicious, as are the vegetables. Ã¢â¬Å"And the men in the tent Ã¢â¬â would they also like one?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Hey, fat-asses,Ã¢â¬ Scott yells. Ã¢â¬Å"Food.Ã¢â¬ The fat men come out and partake. Soon everyone is nodding and complimenting Cliff on his delicious food. Ã¢â¬Å"Sorry for the trouble,Ã¢â¬ Cliff says so nicely. HeÃ¢â¬â¢s been so kind Ã¢â¬â even after hearing Scott call him a dot head Ã¢â¬â that I canÃ¢â¬â¢t help claiming Cliff as a friend, so I say, Ã¢â¬Å"Cliff, this is my brother, Jake, my friend Scott, and Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ I forget the fat menÃ¢â¬â¢s names, so I just say, Ã¢â¬Å"Friends of Scott.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Shit,Ã¢â¬ Scott says. Ã¢â¬Å"You should have just told us you were friends with Baskett here and we wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t have given you any trouble. You want a beer?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Sure,Ã¢â¬ Cliff says, putting the empty tray down on the concrete. Scott hands everyone a green plastic cup, we all pour bottles of Yuengling Lager, and then I am drinking beers with my therapist. I am afraid Cliff will yell at me for drinking when I am on medications, but he doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t. Ã¢â¬Å"How do you guys know each other?Ã¢â¬ one of the fat guys says, and then I realize that by Ã¢â¬Å"you guys,Ã¢â¬ he means Cliff and me. I am so happy to be drinking beers with Cliff that I say, Ã¢â¬Å"HeÃ¢â¬â¢s my therapist,Ã¢â¬ before I can remind myself to lie. Ã¢â¬Å"And we are friends too,Ã¢â¬ Cliff quickly adds, which surprises me but makes me feel pretty good, especially since no one says anything about my needing a therapist. Ã¢â¬Å"What are your boys doing?Ã¢â¬ Jake asks Cliff. I turn around and see ten or so men rolling out huge sheets of Astroturf. Ã¢â¬Å"They are rolling out the Kubb fields.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"What?Ã¢â¬ everyone says. Ã¢â¬Å"Come on, IÃ¢â¬â¢ll show you.Ã¢â¬ And this is how we came to play what Cliff calls the Swedish Viking game while tailgating before Monday Night Football. Ã¢â¬Å"Why do a bunch of Indians play a Swedish Viking game?Ã¢â¬ one of the fat men asks. Ã¢â¬Å"Because itÃ¢â¬â¢s fun,Ã¢â¬ Cliff replies, so cool. The Indian men are quick to share their food and are also so knowledgeable regarding Eagles football. They explain Kubb, which is a game where you throw wooden batons to knock down your opponentÃ¢â¬â¢s kubbs, which are wooden blocks set up on opposite baselines. The knocked-down kubbs get tossed to the opponentsÃ¢â¬â¢ field and set up where they land. To be truthful, I am still not exactly sure how it all works, but I know the game ends when you clean the opponentsÃ¢â¬â¢ field of kubbs and knock down the kubb king, which is the tallest block of wood, set up in the center of the Astroturf. Cliff surprises me by asking if he can be my partner. All afternoon he tells me which blocks to aim for, and we win many games in between bouts of eating Indian kabobs and drinking our Yuengling Lager and the Asian InvasionÃ¢â¬â¢s India Pale Ale out of green plastic cups. Jake, Scott, and the fat men assimilate into the Asian Invasion tailgate party very nicely Ã¢â¬â we have Indians in our tent, they have white guys on their Kubb fields Ã¢â¬â and I think all it really takes for different people to get along is a common rooting interest and a few beers. Every so often one of the Indian men yells Ã¢â¬Å"Ahhhhhhhh!Ã¢â¬ and when we all do the chant, we are fifty or so men strong, and our Ã¢â¬Å"E!-A!-G!-L!-E!-S! EAGLES!Ã¢â¬ is deafening. Cliff is deadly with his wooden batons. He mostly carries our team as we play Kubb against various groupings of men, but we end up winning the money tournament, in which I did not even know we were playing until we won. One of CliffÃ¢â¬â¢s boys hands me fifty dollars. Cliff explains that Jake paid my entry fee, so I try to give my brother my winnings, but Jake will not let me. Finally, I decide to buy rounds of beer inside the Linc, and I stop arguing with my brother over money. After the sun sets, when it is just about time to go into Lincoln Financial Field, I ask Cliff if I can talk to him alone, and when we walk away from the Asian Invasion, I say, Ã¢â¬Å"Is this okay?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"This?Ã¢â¬ he replies, and the glassy look in his eyes suggests he is a little drunk. Ã¢â¬Å"The two of us hanging out like boys. What my friend Danny would call Ã¢â¬Ërepresenting.'Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Why not?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Well, because you are my therapist.Ã¢â¬ Cliff smiles, holds up a little brown finger, and says, Ã¢â¬Å"What did I tell you? When I am not in the leather recliner Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"YouÃ¢â¬â¢re a fellow Eagles fan.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Damn right,Ã¢â¬ he says, and then claps me on the back. After the game I catch a ride back to Jersey on the Asian Invasion bus, and the Indian men and I sing Ã¢â¬Å"Fly, Eagles, FlyÃ¢â¬ over and over again because the Eagles have beaten the Packers 31 Ã¢â¬â 9 on national television. When CliffÃ¢â¬â¢s friends drop me off in front of my house, itÃ¢â¬â¢s after midnight, but the funny driver, who is named Ashwini, hits the horn on the Asian Invasion bus Ã¢â¬â a special recording of all fifty members screaming Ã¢â¬Å"E!-A!-G!-L!-E!-S! EAGLES!Ã¢â¬ I worry that maybe they have woken up everyone in my neighborhood, but I canÃ¢â¬â¢t help laughing as the green bus pulls away. My father is still awake, sitting on the family-room couch watching ESPN. When he sees me, he doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t say hello, but loudly begins to sing, Ã¢â¬Å"Fly, Eagles, fly. On the road to victory Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ So I sing the song one more time with my father, and when we finish the chant at the end, my dad continues to hum the fight song as he marches off to bed without so much as asking me a single question about my day, which has been extraordinary to say the least, even if Hank Baskett only had two catches for twenty-seven yards and has yet to find the end zone. I think about cleaning up my fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s empty beer bottles, but I remember what my mother told me about keeping the house filthy while she is on strike. Downstairs, I hit the weights and try not to think about missing JakeÃ¢â¬â¢s wedding, which still has me down some, even if the Birds did win. I need to work off the beer and the Indian kabobs, so I lift for many hours. How to cite The Silver Linings Playbook Chapter 25, Essay examples
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Discuss about the Leadership Style in Change Management. Answer: Introduction: The vast majority of the associations are compelled to develop changes keeping in mind the end goal to make due for a more extended timeframe. They are required to react quickly to the national and worldwide uprising of innovation and rivalry, on the off chance that they need to survive. Everybody realizes that change is not going to occur without a moment's delay. Truly, a couple of associations or organizations meet their expressed targets (Anderson, 2011). Change administration has profoundly centered on individuals, character and the examples of human connection (Kevin, 2013). Absence of leadership fixation on the multifaceted nature of change creates weak systems and structures. To wrap things up, consideration towards individuals conduct towards rolling out the procedure of improvement or transformation administration is essential. For a compelling change administration, it is required by the leaders to pay towards personality development of the general population in an association (Schultz, 2010). Research Objectives The primary objectives of this study are: Research Objective 1: To understand the importance of change management in organizations Research Objective 2: To analyze role of leaders in change management Research Objective 3: To examine pertinent style of leadership that impacts change management Research Questions Encompassing the above objectives into the study, the following research questions needs to be answered. Research Question 1: Why does an organization requires change? Research Question 2: What role does a leader play in change management? Research Question 3: How does leadership style affects change management? Literature Review According to Bejinaru and B?e?u, (2013) nowadays the intrigue is engaged upon the impact authority creates for a company. Supervisors bear in mind management as a tool with tremendous ability for molding the employee, obviously through coordinating the workers. Their movements in the path of the warranty of that fashion/system of initiative should set off to the needed results in a particular placing. As for this case, we allude to hierarchical change. Initiative is a method of producing alternatives, and not retaining up the norm (Daft, 2011). The pioneer no longer forces this change, however it is a technique concerning sharing of a comparable cause and values. Within a company, leaders or pioneers ought to be promoters of progress. Pioneers have the ability to persuade others and spur them with a particular purpose to perform positive targets. A leader of development is a person with the capacity to have an effect on and, at closing exchange practices of workers and the whole organization (Bass, 2011). Research Methodology In order to attain objectives and results of the study, a particular research methodology needs to be followed. For the scope of this study, inductive research methodology has been undertaken. Further data of secondary nature has been collected and analyzed. After careful analysis of data collected the following findings and analysis was realized: Research Findings 1: Organizations need to adapt to changes in order to maintain a competitive advantage. Research Findings 2: A leader in an organization handholds the process of change and ascertain the aims and goals of change management. Research Findings 3: Careful examination of various types of leadership reflects that most influential style of leadership that can impact change management in organization is transformational leadership. Discussion: Analysis Approach Initiative or leadership styles are like people's character styles or like identities, which in social life is distinctive practices (Bass Avolio, 2010). Thus, we might additionally approach the connection between various styles of administration and authoritative change with a specific end goal to watch the consequences of each other. Two primary administration styles that writing allude to are value-based authority and transformational initiative. Value-based administration style is shown through the approach that the pioneer behaves resembling an expert of change and backs the workers via systems of important adjustments, which boosts profitability (Beerel, 2010). Transformational initiative style suggests that the pioneer allows the employees to expect the companys visualization, which is a sign of growth in all departments, of employees' motivation, task accomplishment in addition to personal execution (Beerel, 2010). Examining the table within the subsequent page, we may additionally notice the responsibility of the transformation procedure is divided to five phases. Each phase underscores the guiding actions as well as influences to be carried out, and the last part recommends the correct management fashion to be linked for each of the activity. Retaining in mind the aim to understand the organization or the link involving the management patterns along with the trade tiers, managers are required to audit and call for attention to each leadership style. Managers remember that such models of leadership had been surnamed following the force they create due to the leaders' behavior (Daft, 2011). Major milestones Stages of Change/major milestones Main Focus Style of Leadership Scheduled change Brainstorming Strategy formulation Logical Inspirational Enabled change Assisting the employees Empowering Explaining the plans/aims Logical Inspirational Supportive Initiated and implemented change Gradual implementation Achieving goals Evaluating the progress Inspirational Supportive Catalyzing Inspiring Assisting Energizing Inspirational Supportive Sustaining change Guiding others Supervising the progress Energizing Logical Inspirational Supportive Gantt chart of the project January February March April May Brainstorming Strategy formulation Empowering Gradual implementation Assisting Energizing Supervising the progress Conclusion The research proposal is an examination of the various aspects of leadership that helps conduct change management in organizations. Transformational leadership style amongst all leadership helps attain successful change within organizations. Whichever the style, leadership of progress in honest or more mind boggling situations includes constructing potential and restriction in a company by helping representatives (employees) to enhance their items. In addition, it entails making situations for identifying how it will show up through ensuring character and organization working time. Furthermore, it includes making an atmosphere, which empowers individual and authoritative development through developing believe and reality mentalities amongst representatives; underscores collective operating through acknowledging aftereffects of businesses; gives attention to impacts of development and alternate. Change and Leadership cannot be isolated not in principle neither practically speaking as they are associated. Despite the fact that every leader is portrayed by, for the most part a style, it is imperative for him/her to know about the various leadership styles. Regardless of the possibility that it is hard to change starting with one style then onto the next, staying alert of every style is an incredible stride towards applying what is best for every period of progress. This last thought could speak to a subject for another exploration work. References Balestracci, D. (2013) Handling the human side of change, Quality Progress, vol. 36(11), pp. 38- 45 Bartkus, B. (2014) Employee ownership as a catalyst of organizational change, Journal of Organizational Change Management, 10(4), 331-344 Bass, B. M. (2011) Transformational leadership: Industrial, military, and educational impact, Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum Bass, B. M., Avolio, B. J. (2010) Training and development of transformational leadership for individual, team, and organizational development, Research in organizational change and development. Greenwich, CT: JAI Press Beerel, A. (2010) Leadership and Change Management, Sage Publications Ltd., pp. 6 Bejinaru, R. and B?e?u, C. 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